Reva Dental Blog

Category Archives: Gum Disease

Banish Bad Breath

Halitosis, more commonly known as bad breath, can be an embarrassing problem. If you are concerned about bad breath, first make sure that you are taking care of your mouth and gums by practicing good dental habits. The mouth is the source of over 90% of all malodours. If bad breath persists, your dentist at Reva Dental will identify the cause and develop a treatment plan to help you eliminate it. There are many causes of bad breath. The good news is that it can often be prevented with a few simple steps.

What causes bad breath?

Neglecting your brushing and flossing: If you don’t properly clean your teeth, gums, and tongue, particles of food and bacteria left in the mouth, especially at night-time, can cause an unpleasant odour.

The foods you eat: Certain foods, like garlic and onions, can cause bad breath because they contain pungent oils that are carried to your lungs and out of your mouth.

Dry mouth: Saliva is necessary to cleanse the mouth and remove odour causing particles and bacteria. It contains enzymes that break down food particles and other enzymes that kill bacteria. A condition called xerostomia (dry mouth) occurs when the flow of saliva is decreased and can cause bad breath. Decreased saliva flow also occurs naturally at night-time, so it is important to clean your mouth last thing at night.

Tobacco: Smoking not only causes bad breath, but can also stain your teeth, irritate your gums, and reduce your ability to taste foods.

Gum disease: Persistent bad breath is a warning sign of periodontal (gum) disease.

Medical disorder: In a small percentage of cases, bad breath could be a sign of a medical disorder, such as infection of the respiratory tract, chronic sinusitis, postnasal drip, diabetes, gastrointestinal disturbance or a liver or kidney problem.

Good dental habits can banish bad breath

In most cases, embarrassing bad breath can be prevented by good oral hygiene.

  • Brush your teeth with a fluoride toothpaste twice a day to remove food debris and plaque
  • Use floss daily to remove any food particles trapped between teeth. Any food particles left in the mouth can cause bad breath
  • Your tongue can harbour odour-causing bacteria. Be sure to brush your tongue with a toothbrush, or clean it with a tongue scraper
  • Use toothpastes containing zinc chloride/ triclosan/ baking soda for cleaning your tongue if you have malodour. This will give temporary relief for up to four hours
  • Visit your dentist for regular checkups. Professional cleanings will help to get rid of plaque and bacteria build-up that may contribute to bad breath. Your dentist may also be able to determine the source of persistent bad breath and formulate a plan for treatment. This may include a chlorhexidine spray for the pharynx (throat area behind the mouth), which is an additional source of malodour in a significant number of cases

Do I need to use a mouthwash or rinse?

Some antiseptic mouth rinses have exhibited therapeutic benefits in reducing plaque and gingivitis (gum disease). However, many mouthwashes or rinses are cosmetic and while these can be used to freshen breath, they do not generally have a long lasting effect on bad breath. If you choose to use mouth rinse, look for an over-the-counter antiseptic mouthwash containing zinc chloride or chlorhexidine. Mouth rinses should not be swallowed – follow the instructions on the bottle. If you find that you are constantly using a mouth rinse to mask odour, see your dentist.

Other solutions

Besides keeping your teeth, gums, and tongue clean and healthy, these are some other remedies that may help cure the problem of bad breath.

  • Quit smoking! Kicking the habit will go a long way to improving bad breath and your overall health
  • If you wear dentures or removable appliances, be sure to remove them at night and clean them thoroughly before replacing them in your mouth (more info here)
  • If you are experiencing problems with dry mouth, your dentist may prescribe artificial saliva. Other possible remedies for dry mouth include sucking a sugar-free sweet or a piece of sugar free gum to increase saliva flow, and increasing your fluid intake.

Call Reva Dental on 056 776 3786 to schedule your appointment. We offer a full Scale & Polish for just €50, and you may be entitled to a fee check-up; see

Gum Disease Symptoms & Cures

Do You Have One of These Gum Diseases?

Gum diseases, also known as periodontal diseases, are bacterial infections involving the gums and sometimes the bone that surrounds a tooth. Gum diseases can affect one tooth or many teeth, and they range from gum irritation (gingivitis) to severe infection (periodontitis).

Details on common and serious gum diseases:

Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the earliest and mildest form of the gum diseases, and it is characterized by redness and swelling of the gums. Unlike more serious gum diseases, gingivitis rarely requires surgical treatment, and it can usually be managed with a professional dental cleaning followed by attention to a regular oral care routine.

Chronic Periodontitis: Chronic periodontitis is the most common of the fully-fledged gum diseases. The primary symptoms include receding gums and the formation of pockets between the gums and the teeth. Chronic periodontitis occurs more often in adults than in children; a majority of individuals with this condition are older than 35 years.

Aggressive Periodontitis: In general, gum diseases are rare in children, but some children (and adults) develop aggressive periodontitis, even if they are otherwise healthy. Aggressive periodontitis can occur in children as young as 3 years, and sometimes even younger. By age 20, individuals with especially aggressive gum diseases can lose teeth. Gum diseases that are subtypes of aggressive periodontitis include a condition in adolescents (sometimes referred to as localized juvenile periodontitis) that involves an over-colonization of bacteria. Another less common condition, sometimes referred to as prepubertal periodontitis, affects young children shortly after their primary teeth appear. Children with gum diseases might not complain of tooth pain, but common symptoms of gum diseases in children include excess plaque; red, swollen, or bleeding gums; and the presence of pus and unpleasant breath.

Necrotizing Periodontitis: Of all the gum diseases, this type may be the most severe. Also known as acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, the condition can destroy tissues, ligaments, and bones in the mouth. Necrotizing periodontitis is most common in people who smoke or in individuals who are malnourished or who have conditions that compromise their immune systems, such as HIV/AIDS.

Treatment of Gum Diseases

The treatment of gum diseases may be surgical or non-surgical, depending on the severity of the disease and the patient’s preferences.

Non-surgical: Non-surgical options for the treatment of gum diseases include antibiotics and a non-surgical deep-cleaning procedure called tooth scaling and root planing that removes tartar and plaque from below the gum line.

Surgical: Surgical treatments for gum diseases include procedures to reduce pockets that have formed at the gum line, procedures to regenerate lost bone and tissue, procedures to remove excess gum tissue to expose more of the tooth surface, and procedures to graft soft tissue onto the gums to cover exposed bone and prevent tooth loss.

The successful treatment of any gum diseases depends in part on getting regular dental checkups and following a complete oral hygiene routine. And if you smoke, quit. Tobacco use can interfere with the recovery from gum diseases and increase the risk of recurrence.

Call Reva Dental on 056 776 3786 to schedule your appointment. You may be eligible for a free check-up; see

Best Celebrity Smile Makeovers

The A-List in Hollywood is filled with beautiful people – and the ‘Hollywood smile’ is famous around the world as an essential facet of red carpet beauty. If you look through magazines you will see regular reference to the best celebrity smile makeovers, showing amazing cosmetic dental work. However while many celebrities have had extensive dental work, many appearing in those lists have only had minor changes made to their teeth.

The important thing to remember is that a good dentist will know what will work: and that in many cases a small change can make a BIG difference. Our dental professionals here at Crescent Dental have taken a look at some well-known celebs to see what kind of work may have transformed their smiles!


One of the best examples of a celebrity smile makeover is Tom Cruise. In his early career he didn’t exactly have the movie star smile and  by his own admission this came between him and certain film roles. Tom suffered from overcrowding and his teeth were quite badly misaligned. Some basic cleaning procedures, a few veneers and a few months of invisible braces ensure a now bright happy and confident smile. If you suffer from overcrowding, 6 month braces are a fantastic and time-effective option that you should consider to improve your smile.

zacZacEfron is another celeb who has had some wonderful results with cosmetic dentistry. As a teenager he had a gap between his two front teeth, now they are perfectly aligned. He had Invisible braces which helped to pull his teeth together and give him a more ‘adult’ smile. Tooth whitening was also used to help brighten up Zac’s new smile.



victoriaVictoria Beckham had a fantastic celebrity smile makeover. Her teeth were crooked and she had a gap at the front of her teeth. Victoria looks like she has had some porcelain veneers on her front smile line and some tooth whitening sessions to brighten up her smile.



georgeGeorge Clooney has always been a big hit with the ladies but his smile was far from perfect many moons ago! A chronic teeth grinding habit (bruxism) left George with tiny stubs for teeth. Porcelain veneers were used to lengthen the teeth that Clooney had ground down and gum-lasering was carried out to expose more of his natural teeth.



cherylCheryl Cole had quite crooked teeth and she had pointed incisors that were quite fang-like. Her teeth were straightened and the ‘fangs’ were reshaped to give her a more beautiful smile. Whitening was also carried out on her stained teeth and she now has some dazzling white porcelain veneers to give her that perfect Hollywood smile.

For all of the non-celebs among us, teeth cleaning and whitening can dramatically change your smile. Techniques like cosmetic bonding and 6 month braces can really change your whole looks and the costs are a lower than you might expect nowadays as cosmetic dentistry is becoming more common. Talking to a good dentist will help you find the most effective way of getting that perfect smile you are looking for!